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Os 101 melhores guiões do século XXI (até ao momento…)

    A mais importante associação de guionistas dos Estados Unidos, a Writers Guild of America (West), publicou ontem a sua lista com os 101 melhores guiões dos últimos 21 anos.

    Surpreendentemente, ou não, o guião mais votado foi o do filme Get Out, escrito por Jordan Peele, um dos mais estimulantes filmes de terror dos últimos anos.

    A minha escolha para o primeiro lugar teria sido provavelmente outra, mas estaria com certeza nesta lista. Por exemplo, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood (nº22), In Bruges (nº40), Juno (nº 24) ou Children of Men (nº18), só para mencionar alguns dos possíveis candidatos.

    Este guião é tão bom…

    Como seria de esperar, a lista pende desproporcionalmente para as obras de autores americanos ou em língua inglesa. Afinal de contas, foram os próprios autores de Hollywood que votaram nestes guiões.

    Isto já se tinha verificado há alguns anos atrás, numa outra lista que a WGAW publicou, dedicada aos melhores guiões do século passado 1.

    Mas é interessante verificar algumas características desta nova selecção, que refletem a evolução dos nossos tempos. Como a própria WGAW destaca no artigo de apresentação, 30 destes guiões são escritos por mulheres, contra apenas 7 créditos femininos na lista do século XX.

    Mais significativo ainda, segundo o mesmo artigo, é haver 5 autores não-caucasianos nos 10 guiões no topo da lista; nos 101 guiões da lista anterior, eram zero.

    Este guião é tão bom, mas tão bom…

    A lista

    1. Get Out (2017) – Written by Jordan Peele
    2. Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004) – Written by Charlie Kaufman, Story by Charlie Kaufman & Michel Gondry & Pierre Bismut
    3. The Social Network (2010) – Screenplay by Aaron Sorkin, Based Upon the Book The Accidental Billionaires by Ben Mezrich
    4. Parasite (2019) – Screenplay by Bong Joon Ho and Han Jin Won, Story by Bong Joon Ho
    5. No Country for Old Men (2007) – Written for the Screen by Joel Coen & Ethan Coen, Based on the Novel by Cormac McCarthy
    6. Moonlight (2016) – Screenplay by Barry Jenkins, Story by Tarell Alvin McCraney
    7. There Will Be Blood (2007) – Screenplay by Paul Thomas Anderson, Based on the Novel Oil! by Upton Sinclair
    8. Inglourious Basterds (2009) – Written by Quentin Tarantino
    9. Almost Famous (2000) – Written by Cameron Crowe
    10. Memento (2000) – Screenplay by Christopher Nolan, Based on the Short Story by Jonathan Nolan
    11. Adaptation (2002) – Screenplay by Charlie Kaufman and Donald Kaufman, Based on the Book The Orchid Thief by Susan Orlean
    12. Bridesmaids (2011) – Written by Annie Mumolo & Kristen Wiig
    13. Brokeback Mountain (2005) – Screenplay by Larry McMurtry & Diana Ossana, Based on the Short Story by Annie Proulx
    14. The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) – Written by Wes Anderson & Owen Wilson
    15. Sideways (2004) – Screenplay by Alexander Payne & Jim Taylor, Based on the Novel by Rex Pickett
    16. Lady Bird (2017) – Written by Greta Gerwig
    17. Her (2013) – Written by Spike Jonze
    18. Children of Men (2006) – Screenplay by Alfonso Cuarón & Timothy J. Sexton and David Arata and Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby, Based on the Novel The Children of Men by P.D. James
    19. Lost in Translation (2003) – Written by Sofia Coppola
    20. Michael Clayton (2007) – Written by Tony Gilroy
    21. Little Miss Sunshine (2006) – Written by Michael Arndt
    22. Once Upon a Time in Hollywood (2019) – Written by Quentin Tarantino
    23. Promising Young Woman (2020) – Written by Emerald Fennell
    24. Juno (2007) – Written by Diablo Cody
    25. The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014) – Screenplay by Wes Anderson, Story by Wes Anderson & Hugo Guinness
    26. The Dark Knight (2008) – Screenplay by Jonathan Nolan and Christopher Nolan, Story by Christopher Nolan & David S. Goyer, Based Upon Characters Appearing in Comic Books
    27. Arrival (2016) – Screenplay by Eric Heisserer, Based on the Story “Story of Your Life” Written by Ted Chiang
    28. Jojo Rabbit (2019) – Screenplay by Taika Waititi, Based on the Book Caging Skies by Christine Leunens
    29. Inside Out (2015) – Screenplay by Meg LeFauve, Original Story by Pete Docter and Ronnie Del Carmen
    30. The Departed (2006) – Screenplay by William Monahan, Based on the Motion Picture Infernal Affairs, Written by Alex Mak and Felix Chong
    31. Spotlight (2015) – Written by Josh Singer & Tom McCarthy
    32. Whiplash (2014) – Written by Damien Chazelle
    33. Up (2009) – Screenplay by Bob Peterson, Pete Docter, Story by Pete Docter, Bob Peterson, Tom McCarthy
    34. Mean Girls (2004) – Screenplay by Tina Fey, Based on the Book Queen Bees and Wannabes by Rosalind Wiseman
    35. WALL-E (2008) – Screenplay by Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon, Original Story by Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter
    36. Pan’s Labyrinth (2006) – Written by Guillermo del Toro
    37. Inception (2010) – Written by Christopher Nolan
    38. Slumdog Millionaire (2008) – Screenplay by Simon Beaufoy, Based on the Novel Q&A by Vikas Swarup
    39. Before Sunset (2004) – Screenplay by Richard Linklater & Julie Delpy & Ethan Hawke, Story by Richard Linklater & Kim Krizan, Based on Characters Created by Richard Linklater & Kim Krizan
    40. In Bruges (2008) – Written by Martin McDonagh
    41. Mulholland Dr. (2001) – Written by David Lynch
    42. A Serious Man (2009) – Written by Joel Coen & Ethan Coen
    43. Amélie (2001) – Screenplay by Guillaume Laurant and Jean-Pierre Jeunet
    44. Toy Story 3 (2010) – Screenplay by Michael Arndt, Story by John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, and Lee Unkrich
    45. The Favourite (2018) – Written by Deborah Davis and Tony McNamara
    46. Zodiac (2007) – Screenplay by James Vanderbilt, Based on the Book by Robert Graysmith
    47. Gladiator (2000) – Screenplay by David Franzoni and John Logan and William Nicholson, Story by David Franzoni
    48. The Incredibles (2004) – Written by Brad Bird
    49. Knives Out (2019) – Written by Rian Johnson
    50. Ex Machina (2015) – Written by Alex Garland
    51. Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) (2014) – Written by Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr. & Armando Bó
    52. The Lives of Others (2007) – Written by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck
    53. Nightcrawler (2014) – Written by Dan Gilroy
    54. 12 Years a Slave (2013) – Screenplay by John Ridley, Based on the book Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup
    55. The Big Short (2015) – Screenplay by Charles Randolph and Adam McKay, Based on the Book by Michael Lewis
    56. Moneyball (2011) – Screenplay by Steven Zaillian and Aaron Sorkin, Story by Stan Chervin, Based on the Book by Michael Lewis
    57. Black Panther (2018) – Written by Ryan Coogler & Joe Robert Cole, Based on the Marvel Comics by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby
    58. You Can Count on Me (2000) – Written by Kenneth Lonergan
    59. Boyhood (2014) – Written by Richard Linklater
    60. Finding Nemo (2003) – Screenplay by Andrew Stanton, Bob Peterson, David Reynolds, Original Story by Andrew Stanton
    61. The Hurt Locker (2008) – Written by Mark Boal
    62. Roma (2018) – Written by Alfonso Cuarón
    63. The Wolf of Wall Street (2013) – Screenplay by Terence Winter, Based on the Book by Jordan Belfort
    64. Hell or High Water (2016) – Written by Taylor Sheridan
    65. Manchester by the Sea (2016) – Written by Kenneth Lonergan
    66. A Separation (2011) – Written by Asghar Farhadi
    67. Spirited Away (2001) – Written by Hayao Miyazaki
    68. Mad Max: Fury Road (2015) – Written by George Miller, Brendan McCarthy, Nico Lathouris
    69. Booksmart (2019) – Written by Emily Halpern & Sarah Haskins and Susanna Fogel and Katie Silberman
    70. City of God (2002) – Screenplay by Bráulio Mantovani, Based on the Novel by Paulo Lins
    71. Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (2018) – Screenplay by Phil Lord and Rodney Rothman, Story by Phil Lord, Based on the Marvel Comics
    72. Inside Llewyn Davis (2013) – Written by Joel Coen & Ethan Coen
    73. The King’s Speech (2010) – Screenplay by David Seidler
    74. Django Unchained (2012) – Written by Quentin Tarantino
    75. Ocean’s Eleven (2001) – Screenplay by Ted Griffin, Based on a Screenplay by Harry Brown and Charles Lederer and a Story by George Clayton Johnson & Jack Golden Russell
    76. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) – Screenplay by Fran Walsh & Philippa Boyens & Peter Jackson, Based on the Book The Fellowship of the Ring by J.R.R. Tolkien
    77. Shaun of the Dead (2004) – Written by Simon Pegg and Edgar Wright
    78. Erin Brockovich (2000) – Written by Susannah Grant
    79. Call Me by Your Name (2017) – Screenplay by James Ivory, Based on the Novel by André Aciman
    80. Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017) – Written by Martin McDonagh
    81. The Lobster (2015) – Written by Yorgos Lanthimos and Efthymis Filippou
    82. The Prestige (2006) – Screenplay by Jonathan Nolan and Christopher Nolan, Based on the Novel by Christopher Priest
    83. Midnight in Paris (2011) – Written by Woody Allen
    84. The Master (2012) – Written by Paul Thomas Anderson
    85. Argo (2012) – Screenplay by Chris Terrio, Based on a selection from The Master of Disguise by Antonio J. Mendez and the Wired Magazine Article “The Great Escape” by Joshuah Bearman
    86. Y tu mamá también (2001) – Written by Carlos Cuarón & Alfonso Cuarón
    87. Phantom Thread (2017) – Written by Paul Thomas Anderson
    88. Superbad (2007) – Written by Seth Rogen & Evan Goldberg
    89. Little Women (2019) – Screenplay by Greta Gerwig, Based on the Novel by Louisa May Alcott
    90. BlacKkKlansman (2018) – Written by Charlie Wachtel & David Rabinowitz and Kevin Willmott & Spike Lee, Based on the Book by Ron Stallworth
    91. The Farewell (2019) – Written by Lulu Wang
    92. La La Land (2016) – Written by Damien Chazelle
    93. Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (2006) – Screenplay by Sacha Baron Cohen & Anthony Hines & Peter Baynham & Dan Mazer, Story by Sacha Baron Cohen & Peter Baynham & Anthony Hines & Todd Phillips, Based on a Character Created by Sacha Baron Cohen
    94. The 40-Year-Old Virgin (2005) – Written by Judd Apatow & Steve Carell
    95. Ratatouille (2007) – Screenwriter: Brad Bird, Original Story by Jan Pinkava, Jim Capobianco, Brad Bird, Additional Story Material by Emily Cook & Kathy Greenberg, Bob Peterson
    96. Lars and the Real Girl (2007) – Written by Nancy Oliver
    97. Nomadland (2020) – Written for the Screen by Chloé Zhao, Based on the Book by Jessica Bruder
    98. Winter’s Bone (2010) – Screenplay by Debra Granik & Anne Rosellini, Based on the Novel by Daniel Woodrell
    99. O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000) – Written by Ethan Coen & Joel Coen, Based Upon the Odyssey by Homer
    100. Legally Blonde (2001) – Screenplay by Karen McCullah Lutz & Kirsten Smith, Based on the Book by Amanda Brown
    101. Silver Linings Playbook (2012) – Screenplay by David O. Russell, Based on the Novel by Matthew Quick

    Conclusão

    Muitos dos guiões que fazem parte das duas listas estão disponíveis na internet para baixar e estudar. Pode, por exemplo, começar por este artigo que publiquei antes aqui no blogue.

    Se quer aprender a escrever guiões, ler os melhores exemplos do género é um exercício indispensável, que não me canso de recomendar. Estas duas listas são um excelente ponto de partida (com mais duas de brinde):

    => Os 101 melhores guiões do século XXI (até 2021)

    => Os 101 melhores guiões (até 2005)

    => Os 101 guiões mais engraçados

    => As 101 séries de televisão mais bem escritas

    => Via artigo do site Omelete (que inclui a lista com os nomes dos filmes usados no Brasil)

    Notas de Rodapé

    1. Os meus 10 guiões favoritos estão quase todas nessa lista

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